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如何透過對句法來強調句子,加強表達的力度?

2016 / 6 / 3

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透過對句法來強調句子

平行結構指的是單字或片語的形態相似。當句子或段落中的概念相似時,可以透過創造平行結構來強化意思上的相似性。有效的對句法需要能在句子中產生對稱性,使文章更強而有力。對句法可以強調兩個以上相似的概念。

平行結構的正確形式

下列的第一句包含平行結構 ,第二句則無此結構。

 

正確:The Editing Service Firm needs editors who are detail-oriented, who are self-motivated, and who are dedicated.

 

錯誤:The Editing Service Firm needs editors who are detail-oriented, motivate themselves, and exhibit dedication.

 

第一個句子中,who are重複了三次,使得detail oriented,self-motivated和dedicated三字具有相似性。第二的句子中,who are含有ambitious的涵義,但須拿掉are,以讓讀者了解句子內接下來的片語。當句子有正確的平行結構時,則不需要重複動詞。

重複動詞是風格和強調重點上的結構。不要過度使用平行結構 上述的句子一,不必用那麼多的重複字,也可以表達意思。
句子如下

The Editing Service Firm needs editors who are detail-oriented, self-motivated, and dedicated.

 

使用對句法闡明意思

William researches cell membranes and walls.

Is William a biologist, or a biologist with an interest in architecture? This revision makes the meaning clear:

Janet researches cell membranes and cell walls.

 

使用對句法的一些方法

 

一系列中的事項:

As an editor, he revised, clarified, and rewrote.

成對的事項:

The musicians began not only to sing, but also to dance.

Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country. (John F. Kennedy)

 

列表和大綱:

The research had three main goals: To discover the cause of the disease. To propose a treatment. To document the success of the treatment.

 

把“Responsibilities included . . . .”作為每個描述的開頭,或用同一時態的動詞作為每個描述的開端:如Researched、Conducted和Supervised。

履歷:

 

當您撰寫履歷時,請確認所有的項目都有以平行結構呈現。

大眾科學寫作:讀者為非專業人士(第二部分)
撰寫社會科學領域的論文時,所有的標題文字都需要斜體嗎?